Ostracion knorrii Walbaum, 1792, is shown to be a senior synonym of the antennariid anglerfish Antennarius striatus (Shaw and Nodder, 1794). Conditions exist, however, to allow “reversal of precedence” of the two names, as provided by Article 23.9.1 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Thus, A. striatus (Shaw and Nodder, 1794) is regarded as valid, qualifying as a nomen protectum, whereas the name O. knorrii Walbaum, 1792, is recognized as invalid, qualifying as a nomen oblitum.

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