This work analyzed the physicochemical effect of different types of Mexican clay soils on corrosion and stress corrosion cracking (SCC) behavior in contact with X60 and X65 steels. Four soils were obtained from the right of way land in southern Mexico at 1.5 m depth close to pipelines. Two soils were from the state of Oaxaca (SO1 and SO2), and two others from the state of Veracruz (SV1 and SV2). Physicochemical and textural analysis of soils was performed and correlated to SCC susceptibility and corrosion mechanism. It was observed that soil texture might be related to corrosivity. A texture index (ratio between sand and silt + clay), which was seen to have a relationship with the corrosive tendency of soils, was estimated. It showed that soil with a higher index (SV1) has a higher corrosion rate. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and polarization curves were performed and correlated to the corrosion rate and the SCC susceptibility of steels. Steels exposed to SV1 soil exhibited a higher corrosion rate related to a higher content of chlorides and acid pH than those seen in other soils, which resulted in the pitting of such steels. Two types of corrosion were observed. Soils from SV1 and SV2 generated pitting, and soils from SO1 and SO2 produced general corrosion. Inclusions caused pitting in the gauge section of X60 and X65 steels exposed to SV1 soil by anodic dissolution. Galvanic coupling between inclusions and the base metal and dissolution of the inclusions might have enhanced the nucleation of pits at these sites. SCC susceptibility was evaluated using slow strain rate tests (SSRT). After SSRT, the fracture surfaces were analyzed through scanning electron microscopy. The SCC index obtained from SSRT indicates that X60 and X65 steels exhibited good resistance to SCC. A highly corrosive soil, such as SV1, causes the formation of pits instead of cracks, which is attributed to the dissolution process; however, lower SCC indexes were obtained for this system. The higher corrosion resistance of X60 steel is related to a more homogenous microstructure and a higher content of elements, such as Ni and Cr, than those of X65 steel that decrease the corrosion rate.

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