A thorough investigation into the repassivation process of CoCrMo in multiple simulated biological environments has been undertaken, looking in detail at both the kinetics and composition of the reformed oxide film. Specific focus of this research was aimed at determining the effect of bovine serum albumin (BSA) on these features. The kinetics of repassivation were obtained by using a variety of electrochemical techniques. The current transients formed were fitted to a second-order decay curve, which accouts for two separate phases: coverage and growth. The reformation of the passive film was fastest in a phosphate buffered saline environment, with the presence of BSA delaying this process because it inhibits the oxygen-reduction reaction as it obstructs the active sites of the alloy when adsorbed onto the surface. The composition of the newly formed film was analyzed with x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. As expected, the film was primarily composed of chromium (III) oxide with small contributions from cobalt and molybdenum oxides. In the presence of BSA, the quantity of molybdenum within the film was drastically reduced; it was shown to be extracted into the bulk solution via inductively coupled mass spectroscopy. This is observed because BSA is able to complex preferentially to the molybdenum ions when the alloy is exposed, extracting them into solution and altering the composition and integrity of the film.

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