The electrochemical behavior and the electronic properties of passive films formed on a super martensitic stainless steel (SMSS) used in oil and gas industries were investigated in aqueous 0.6 M and 2.1 M NaCl solutions with additions of sodium acetate and acetic acid (pH 4.5). Open-circuit potential transients, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were measured to characterize the passive film formed on SMSS. The electrochemical behavior of the steel in an aqueous solution of 0.6 M NaCl presented the highest pitting potential and the highest polarization resistance in relation to the NaCl/NaAc solution. The passive film of SMSS in an aqueous solution of NaCl presented a thickness of 18.40 nm, three times the thickness of the oxide film in NaCl/NaAc, and consisted of FeO, Cr2O3, MoO2, and spinels such as FeCr2O4 species that are a p-type semiconductor, but may also contain a small fraction of the Fe2O3 and MoO3 oxides. Additionally, it was shown that the passive layer after immersion in a saline solution also contains hydroxides such as FeOOH and Cr(OH)3.
Electrochemical Properties of Passive Film Formed on Supermartensitic Stainless Steel in a Chloride Medium
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Renata B. Soares, Wagner R.C. Campos, Pedro L. Gastelois, Waldemar A.A. Macedo, Luís F.P. Dick, Vanessa F.C. Lins; Electrochemical Properties of Passive Film Formed on Supermartensitic Stainless Steel in a Chloride Medium. CORROSION 1 September 2020; 76 (9): 884–890. doi: https://doi.org/10.5006/3230
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