The surface phase constituent of high-manganese austenitic stainless steel after cold work (15%, 30%, and 50%) and thermal aging at 900°C for 30 min and 6 h, was characterized using x-ray diffraction. The microstructural analysis was conducted using an optical microscope, a scanning electron microscope, and the electron backscatter diffraction technique. The double-loop electrochemical potentiokinetic reactivation test was used to measure the intergranular corrosion resistance (degrees of sensitization). The results showed that fine-recovered grains of austenite and strain-induced martensite together formed the surface of high-manganese steel after cold work. Because of the formation of strain-induced martensite in the cold-worked samples, their intergranular corrosion was much higher than that of the as-received sample. Also, the degree of sensitization of 15% cold work was higher (i.e., more intergranular corrosion) compared to the degrees of sensitization of 30% and 50% cold work. On the contrary, the intergranular corrosion of high-manganese austenitic stainless steel sample subjected to cold work was eliminated during thermal aging at 900°C for 6 h because of the reversion of strain-induced martensite and fine-reverted austenite grains. Owing to this grain refinement of austenite, faster diffusion rate of Cr at higher temperature and cold work helped healing of Cr-depletion zone in a shorter time. In other words, because the results showed that on 50% cold work and thermal aging at 900°C for 6 h, the high-manganese austenitic stainless steel does not become susceptible to intergranular corrosion. Hence, it could be beneficial to investigate the intergranular corrosion of high-manganese austenitic stainless steel.
The Effect of Reversion of Strain-Induced Martensite (SIM) and Grain Refinement on the Intergranular Corrosion of High Mn Steel
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Sourabh Shukla, Awanikumar P. Patil, Ankur Bansod; The Effect of Reversion of Strain-Induced Martensite (SIM) and Grain Refinement on the Intergranular Corrosion of High Mn Steel. CORROSION 1 November 2021; 77 (11): 1233–1245. doi: https://doi.org/10.5006/3778
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