The CO2 stream in a carbon capture utilization and storage application generally includes impurities that could cause internal corrosion of CO2 pipelines. The general and localized corrosion behavior with a variety of O2 concentrations for X65 mild steel both in water-saturated CO2 and CO2-saturated water environments was evaluated using an autoclave. Corrosion tests were performed at 8 MPa and 25°C, 8 MPa and 35°C, and 4 MPa and 35°C to simulate the liquid, supercritical, and gaseous CO2 transportation. Results indicate that notably higher general corrosion rates were recorded at each O2 concentration in the CO2-saturated water phase than those in the water-saturated CO2 environment. The general corrosion rates did not show gradual rise at 0 ppm to 2,000 ppm of O2; instead, a maximum was measured at 1,000 ppm of O2 at 8 MPa and 25°C, and 50 ppm O2 at 8 MPa and 35°C in the water-saturated CO2 environment and 50 ppm at 8 MPa and 25°C, and 100 ppm at 8 MPa and 35°C in the CO2-saturated water environment. The general corrosion rate at 4 MPa and 35°C followed a different changing trend with O2 content from that in 8 MPa, and 25°C and 35°C both in the water-saturated CO2 and the CO2-saturated water environments. Localized corrosion or an average corrosion rate of beyond 0.1 mm/y was identified in each test in the CO2-saturated water environment. When O2 was introduced, a more porous corrosion product scale was detected on the coupon surfaces. A final series of corrosion tests with 100 ppm and 2,000 ppm O2 and 60% and 80% relative humidity in a CO2 environment did not show any sign of localized corrosion attack, and the average corrosion rates were below 0.1 mm/y at 8 MPa, 25°C and 35°C, and 4 MPa and 35°C.
Impact of O2 Content on the Corrosion Behavior of X65 Mild Steel in the Gaseous, Liquid, and Supercritical CO2 Streams
Xiu Jiang, Xiaoliang Song, Dingrong Qu, Jing Hua, Chao Yu; Impact of O2 Content on the Corrosion Behavior of X65 Mild Steel in the Gaseous, Liquid, and Supercritical CO2 Streams. CORROSION 1 August 2023; 79 (8): 915–934. doi: https://doi.org/10.5006/4196
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