Resistant to aggressive reducing environments and combining excellent mechanical properties, the age-hardenable Alloy 718 is the most broadly used nickel alloy in the oil and gas industry. Nevertheless, its localized corrosion resistance in oxidizing halide-containing environments has yet to be thoroughly investigated, with conflicting results discussed in the literature. In this regard, Alloy 718 has a relatively low pitting resistance equivalent (PRE), limiting in practice its use where localized corrosion is expected, particularly in seawater applications. This work quantified the localized corrosion resistance of the alloy in chloride-containing environments. The potentiodynamic-galvanostatic-potentiodynamic (PD-GS-PD) technique was used to determine the crevice corrosion repassivation potential (ER, CREV) in deaerated natural seawater at different temperatures for two Alloy 718 grades (i.e., aerospace, as per ASTM B670, and oil and gas, as per API 6ACRA, grades). Additionally, potentiodynamic polarization testing was conducted for the API 6ACRA grade in acidified solutions with varying chloride concentrations to simulate pit/crevice-like conditions. In the aerospace heat treatment condition, Alloy 718 suffered crevice corrosion at temperatures as low as 10°C, while the API 6ACRA grade remained unaffected at the same testing temperature. Stable crevice corrosion occurred at 20°C and 50°C for both grades.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.