Maria Ogilvie Gordon, honorary member of the Vienna Geological Society and the London Geological Society's 1932 Lyell Medalist, was one of the most outstanding of Britain's early women field geologists. Her work, begun in 1891 and continued until the early 1930's, was carried out in the Dolomites of the South Tyrol, and focused primarily on the unravelling of the tectonic history of the region. Her publications were substantial, many appearing in Austrian journals. She had, in addition, what amounted to a second career as a civic and social leader, particularly in matters relating to the advancement of women and the welfare of children and young people.

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