To compare clinical characteristics and examine in-hospital length of stay (LOS) differences for COVID-19 patients who received remdesivir, by race or ethnicity.
Retrospective descriptive analysis comparing cumulative LOS as a proxy of recovery time.
A large academic medical center serving a minoritized community in Northern Manhattan, New York City.
Inpatients (N=1024) who received remdesivir from March 30, 2020–April 20, 2021.
We conducted descriptive analyses among patients who received remdesivir. Patients were described by proxies of social determinants of health (SDOH): race and ethnicity, residence, insurance coverage, and clinical characteristics. We calculated median hospital LOS as the cumulative incidence of hospitalized patients who were discharged alive, and tested differences between groups by using the Gray test. Patients who died or were discharged to hospice were censored at 29 days.
The primary outcome was hospital LOS. The secondary outcome was in-hospital mortality.
Median LOS was 11.9 days (95% CI, 10.8-13.2) overall, with Black patients having the shortest (10.0 days, 95% CI, 8.0-13.2) and Asian patients having the longest (16.2 days, 95% CI, 8.3-27.2) LOS. A total of 214 patients (21%) died or were discharged to hospice, ranging from 16.5% to 23.7% of patients who identified as Black and Other (multiracial, biracial, declined), respectively.
COVID-19 has disproportionately burdened communities of color. We observed no difference in median LOS between racial or ethnic groups, which supports the notion that the heterogeneous effect of remdesivir in the literature may be explained in part by underrecruitment or participation of Black, Hispanic, and Asian patients in clinical trials.