The objective of this research was to develop baseline information regarding the structure and performance of Ohio's logging industry. Questionnaires were distributed on-site at logger chapter meetings across the state. Multivariate clustering was used to group similar types of firms based on responses to 15 productivity and cost variables. Three clusters were identified: Local Mill Suppliers, Product Merchandisers, and Volume-Dependent Producers. The clusters were largely homogeneous as far as the overall makeup and administration of their companies. Clusters did differ regarding haul distance, pieces of equipment owned, and equipment age. Volume-Dependent Producers, while not significantly larger in size statistically, viewed the productivity, present, and future cost variables more pessimistically than the other clusters. The key variable of concern across clusters was the cost of consumables, primarily fuel, paralleling more recent findings in other states.