Public Domain and Copyright
All material appearing in the Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management and North American Fauna is in the public domain, unless noted with the copyright symbol, and may be reproduced or copied without permission. Citation of the source is requested. The information published is provided on an "AS IS" basis and any warranties, either express or implied, including but not limited to implied warranties of non-infringement, originality, merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, are disclaimed. In no event shall the U.S. Government be liable for any damages that arise out of or in connection with the access, use or performance of this journal, including infringement actions.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Disclaimer
All papers (regardless of author affiliation) published in the Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management and North American Fauna will contain the following disclaimer: "The findings and conclusions in this article are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service." pursuant to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Manual Part 117, Chapter 1: "Policy Review Guidance for Scientific Publications." The disclaimer is not intended to call into question or diminish the quality of the work published here, nor does it in any way limit its applicability for use in decision or policy making by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Simply stated, the papers published here are not themselves official publications and therefore do not necessarily represent the views of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The purpose of the disclaimer is to meet standards for scientific freedom and remove anyportent of agency censorship, perceived or otherwise. Papers published here will stand on their own scientific merit, and will be considered along with other pertinent scientific publications during U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service decision- and policy-making processes.