We used radio-telemetry to study the movements and habitat use of Western toads (Bufo boreas) in the Targhee National Forest in southeastern Idaho. Eighteen toads (10 male and 8 female) that bred in a seasonally flooded pond, were fitted with radio-transmitters, tracked, and their movements mapped and analyzed with global positioning and geographic information systems. We also analyzed their patterns of habitat selection at micro- and macro-scales by comparing sites used by toads with randomly selected sites. After breeding, two male and six female toads left the breeding pond and used terrestrial habitats extensively. Male and female toads showed different patterns of movement and habitat use, although all toads seemed to behave in ways that reduced loss of body water (e.g., such as traveling on nights of high humidity). Male toads traveled shorter distances from the pond than females (581 ± 98 m and 1105 ± 272 m, respectively). Female toads used terrestrial habitats extensively and were selective of cover types (e.g., shrub) that provided greater protection from dehydration. Female toads also preferred certain habitat edges and open forests over forests with closed canopies or clearcuts. Information from this study can assist land managers in establishing protective buffers and managing forests for the protection of toad populations.
SEXUAL DIFFERENCES IN THE POST-BREEDING MOVEMENTS AND HABITATS SELECTED BY WESTERN TOADS (BUFO BOREAS) IN SOUTHEASTERN IDAHO
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Paul E. Bartelt, Charles R. Peterson, Robert W. Klaver; SEXUAL DIFFERENCES IN THE POST-BREEDING MOVEMENTS AND HABITATS SELECTED BY WESTERN TOADS (BUFO BOREAS) IN SOUTHEASTERN IDAHO. Herpetologica 1 December 2004; 60 (4): 455–467. doi: https://doi.org/10.1655/01-50
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