The social scientist who studies a program of planned change as vast as India's Community Development Program is likely to be overwhelmed by its complexity. As a result, he may take refuge in minute local details or in gross generalizations, either of which may be of little interest to those responsible for carrying out the program. At the risk of the latter fault, I will attempt to generalize on the basis of local details in such a way as to point up a major problem inherent in the Commuity Development Program as it has functioned in India; one which seems not to have received adequate attention by planners. This is the problem of realizing a democratic program designed to improve standards of living in a rigidly stratified society.

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