This article evaluates how Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal mortality patterns differ at a community level. Relying on data from two communities in western New South Wales, the author examines differences in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal mortality regimes over a recent 10-year period. Results from this analysis clearly show that Aborigines have appallingly high rates of death and that this pattern of Aboriginal mortality is an anomaly that does not adhere closely with classical epidemiologic transition theory. Potential reasons for existence of such a unique pattern of mortality are discussed.

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