Our case study explores how 51 long-term commercial fishing households adapted to changing ecological and social systems of the California Bight from the 1960s to the 1990s. We explore fishing operation, household, and collective action strategies for adapting to change. While long-term fishermen expressed some similar motivations for commercial fishing, strategies that they and their families pursued to remain in fishing were highly individualized. Only a little over half of this group fished full-time continuously since they began fishing, with some leaving fishing and returning, or supplementing their fishing effort with other employment. At the household level, most spouses were employed outside of fishing and most made contributions to support the fishing operation. At the collective action level, few of these households were actively involved in fishing organizations and most were dissatisfied with cooperation among fishermen. Consistent with other literature, we observe that fisheries managers and scientists have not adequately accounted for the adaptability of fishermen. At the same time, difficulties fishermen have confronted in the policy arena may partly reflect their success in adapting to broader social and ecological changes at the individual and household levels.

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