The child with challenges, the hurt child, the new orphan, the child of poverty, and the special needs child are all the latest buzz words that describe children who are at risk for or identified with neurodevelopmental delays, disabilities, or other related disorders and are living outside their family of origin. They are children who have been neglected and often abused as well.

The National Adoption Information Clearinghouse (1997) estimated that half of the children available for adoption in this country have a developmental disability, defined as a severe, chronic disability that (a) is attributable to a mental or physical impairment or combination of mental and physical impairments, (b) is manifested before age 22, (c) is likely to continue indefinitely, and (d) results in substantial functional limitations in three or more of the following areas of major life activity: self-care, receptive and expressive language,...

You do not currently have access to this content.