On February 1, 2001, President George W. Bush announced The New Freedom Initiative (NFI), promising to promote “full access to community life” through, among other things, “swift implementation of the Olmstead decision” (White House, 2001). In the Olmstead et al. v. L.C. et al. decision (1999), the Supreme Court ruled that Title II of the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) required states to provide the services, programs, and activities developed for persons with disabilities in the “most integrated setting appropriate” because “unjustified isolation or segregation of qualified individuals with disabilities through institutionalization is a form of disability-based discrimination prohibited by Title II of the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990.” In Executive Order 13217, President Bush committed the Executive Branch of the United States government to the principal findings of Olmstead and stipulated that “the United States is committed to community-based alternatives...
States' Initial Response to the President's New Freedom Initiative: Slowest Rates of Deinstitutionalization in 30 Years
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K. Charlie Lakin, Robert Prouty, Barbara Polister, Kathryn Coucouvanis; States' Initial Response to the President's New Freedom Initiative: Slowest Rates of Deinstitutionalization in 30 Years. Ment Retard 1 June 2004; 42 (3): 241–244. doi: https://doi.org/10.1352/0047-6765(2004)42<241:SIRTTP>2.0.CO;2
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