Surveys of state intellectual disabilities and developmental disabilities (ID/DD) agencies and the 186 state institutions (16 or more residents) for persons with ID/DD for fiscal year (FY) 2004 indicate continuing, but slow decreases in state institution populations. As shown in Table 1, during FY 2004, populations of state institutions decreased by 1,324 residents (3.1%). This rate of decline was slightly greater than the previous year (2.7%) but was essentially equal to the average 3.2% decrease in the previous 3 years. State institution populations decreased in 40 of the 43 states operating such settings, with 3 states (Minnesota, Oregon, and South Dakota) reporting a combined increase of 14 residents. Rates of decrease by state ranged from less than 1.0% in Mississippi, Oklahoma, and Texas to 40.9% in Alabama.

Admissions in FY 2004 (2,497) equaled 6.0% of average daily residents. This represents a slight increase...

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