Abstract

A literature review was conducted to analyze existing data on health status, health care utilization, and medical outcomes of persons with intellectual disabilities. We found that barriers exist, but evidence indicates that (a) individuals with intellectual disability and medical needs are living in the community, (b) people with significant medical conditions can be maintained in community settings, and (c) medical supports can and are provided to people with intellectual disabilities and allied medical conditions to enable community living. However, some people had unmet medical needs, and the availability of and access to community-based services were problematic for others. These contradictory findings indicate that it is possible to provide services in the community, but the service delivery system needs improvement.

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