In his paper, Sturmey (2005) stated that his purpose was to rebut the claims of efficacy of psychotherapy with individuals who have mental retardation made by Lynch (2004). It is not clear, however, that this is the main purpose because Sturmey concluded, based on the evidence supporting their effectiveness and efficacy, that behavioral interventions must remain the treatment of choice for people with mental retardation. The evidence he cited to support his arguments concerning the superiority of behavioral interventions over psychotherapy for people with mental retardation raises a number of issues that are explored below.

The evidence to support the efficacy of psychotherapy for people with mental retardation is indeed limited. This is the conclusion reached in a number of recent reviews, critiques, and commentaries (e.g., Beail, 2003; Hatton, 2002; Prout & Nowak-Drabik, 2003; Willner, 2005). Unfortunately, Lynch (2004)...

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