Henry Herbert Goddard's impact on the history of the fields of psychology, intelligence testing, and mental retardation has been well-documented (Smith, 1985; Zenderland, 1998). This impact began in 1906 when he was hired as the director of the psychological laboratory at the New Jersey Training School for Feeble-Minded Boys and Girls (changed to The Training School at Vineland in 1911 and generally referred to as The Vineland Training School), the first such laboratory in the United States to be housed outside of a university.

Goddard's tenure at Vineland was marked by a series of historically important events, including the introduction of the Binet Simon Intelligence Scale to an American audience; coining the term moron to define certain segments of the population of people labeled as “feebleminded”; and, along with other intelligence testers, developing the Army Alpha intelligence test. He is most...

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