Today, instructors in police academies never cease to hammer into the heads of recruit officers the proper steps needed for a successful criminal investigation:

Even so, some investigators—but not all—fail to follow these steps with persons who have intellectual disabilities. Some—but not all—misread the defendant's differences and come to believe, really believe that they “have the man.” Some—but not all—question them relentlessly for long hours until a confession is squeezed out of them. They do it even when no physical or witness evidence connects the person with a disability to the crime. Fortunately, in the last 10 years, interrogations leading to false confessions is being exposed to the light of day as never before.

Law professor Steven Drizin and criminologist Richard Leo, the authors of the groundbreaking monograph, The Problem of False Confessions in the Post DNA World (2004), have shared their...

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