Surveys of state intellectual disabilities and developmental disabilities (ID/DD) program agencies and 173 individual state institutions (16 or more residents) for persons with ID/DD for Fiscal Year (FY) 2006 indicate continuing decreases in state institution populations. As shown in Table 1, during FY 2006 (July 1, 2005–June 30, 2006), populations of state institutions decreased by 1,344 residents (3.4%). This annual rate of decline was equal to the average 3.4% decrease of the previous 3 years. State institution populations decreased in 35 of the 42 states operating such settings, with 7 states (Arkansas, Colorado, Idaho, Minnesota, Mississippi, Utah, and Wyoming) reporting a combined increase of 45 residents. Rates of decrease among other states ranged from less than 1.0% in Maryland and New Hampshire to 20.7% in Delaware.

Admissions in 2006 (2,094) equaled 5.4% of average daily residents. This was very similar to...

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