Children with Down syndrome require services from different sectors over time to optimize health and development, however, there is little information on longitudinal, cross-sector service use. Parents of children with Down syndrome attending a Canadian children's hospital participated in semistructured interviews covering life-time multiple sector service use. Five key service patterns were identified: (1) primary care physicians playing a circumscribed role; (2) a marked shift in public habilitative service receipt from development agencies in the preschool years to exclusive school delivery after school entry; (3) families obtaining private services to address gaps from public sector services; (4) a prominent role for parents to identify additional services; and (5) service variability as a function of timing and severity of medical comorbidity.

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