Effectiveness of challenging behavior Individualized Habilitation Plan (IHP) objectives in residential settings was examined. We evaluated three indicators of successful intervention: discontinuation of challenging behavior IHP objectives, change in challenging behavior over time, and frequency of one-to-one crisis intervention and found little evidence of effective intervention. Less than a fourth of participants had a challenging behavior objective discontinued within a year. There was no significant change in challenging behavior from one annual assessment to the next, although the decrease in asocial challenging behavior approached significance. Frequency of crisis intervention also did not change significantly over time. These findings suggest that most challenging behavior IHP objectives are ineffective in reducing challenging behavior.

This report was supported by Cooperative Agreement No. H133B80048 from the U.S. Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research. The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the policy of the U.S. Department of Education nor the Minnesota Department of Human Services, and endorsement by either Department should not be assumed. We thank the Minnesota Department of Human Services (Division of Developmental Disabilities), county case managers, and residential staff from state and privately operated residences for their support of and assistance with this project. We are also grateful to Barbara Polister, Tim Soulen, Jordan Orzoff, and other project staff members for their dedicated efforts in conducting the Minnesota Longitudinal Study.

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