Migraines are a common comorbidity and source of disability in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS). Recently, therapeutic agents for episodic and chronic migraine known as calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) inhibitors have shown to effectively control migraine attacks and improve quality of life in the general population. This study explored the use of these novel agents in individuals with comorbid MS.
This was a retrospective, population-based cohort study at the University of South Florida’s neurology clinic; it evaluated individuals with both MS and migraine.
A total of 27 individuals with MS and chronic or episodic migraine who received treatment with a CGRP monoclonal antibody were identified. Of these, 63% reported a reduction in their migraine frequency of greater than 75%. Concurrent use of a disease modifying therapy (DMT) for MS occurred in 82% of patients, and in 37% of these, the DMT used was also a monoclonal antibody. Adverse effects from CGRP monoclonal antibodies were mild and occurred in only 11% of patients, and no patient experienced worsening of their MS symptoms during cotreatment over the duration of the study.
Our study showed a significant reduction in migraine frequency and a favorable adverse event profile for individuals with comorbid MS who took CGRP monoclonal antibodies and experienced no worsening of MS symptoms. In individuals with MS, CGRP monoclonal antibodies seem to be a safe and effective therapy for episodic or chronic migraine.