Abstract

Parkinson’s disease (PD) affects nearly 10 million people worldwide, leading to decreased mobility and balance and potential loss of independence. Yoga has been associated with improved function for people with PD, but the predictive factors for improved functional outcomes as a result of yoga participation remain unexamined. The objective of this secondary data analysis was to identify predictive factors of functional improvement for people with PD after an 8-week yoga intervention. Stepwise multiple linear regression was used to identify significant predictors of improvement in balance, fall control, PD symptoms, and activity constraints. Lower cognitive functioning was predictive of improvement in perceived control over falls, body responsiveness was predictive of improvement in PD-specific symptoms, and gait velocity was predictive of improvement in balance and activity constraints. Future research is warranted to evaluate the use of screeners to predict who is the best fit for yoga therapy. Additional research is needed to evaluate the need to include cognitive self-management training concurrent with yoga therapy.

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