Abstract

Currently, acute postoperative pain during hospitalization is primarily managed by medications, and patients must adhere to restrictive postoperative precautions for 3 months following lumbar spine surgeries. Yoga can be an alternative approach to assist in acute and subacute postoperative pain management, anxiety, and return to function. The purpose of the present work was to develop and test the feasibility and explore the effectiveness of a tailored yoga program, delivered in-person during the hospital stay and electronically after hospital discharge, as a potential new avenue for postoperative care. This pilot study will use a crossover randomized controlled design. Individuals aged between 40 and 80 years who are scheduled for lumbar laminectomy and/or fusion, and who have not practiced regular yoga within the past 6 months at the time of enrollment, will be recruited and randomized to either a tailored yoga program (intervention group) or usual care (control group) during the hospital stay (phase one). Bearing in mind postoperative precautions, all subjects will be instructed to perform a home-based tailored yoga program delivered electronically via YouTube links for 8 weeks post-hospital discharge (phase two). The primary outcome measures assessing feasibility are adherence/compliance. Secondary outcome measures include pain, anxiety, function, sleep, perceived stress, and pain-catastrophizing behavior. Length of hospital stay and pain medication use, gait distance, and overall physical activity during hospitalization will also be collected. Finally, a qualitative interview will be obtained after completion of the hospital and home-based programs. This study will determine the feasibility of a tailored yoga program for acute and subacute postoperative lumbar spine surgery pain, anxiety, and functional outcomes.

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