Systemically administered immunotherapies have revolutionized the care of patients with cancer; however, for many cancer types, most patients do not exhibit objective responses. Intratumoral immunotherapy is a burgeoning strategy that is designed to boost the effectiveness of cancer immunotherapies across the spectrum of malignancies. By locally administering immune-activating therapies into the tumor itself, immunosuppressive barriers in the tumor microenvironment can be broken. Moreover, therapies too potent for systemic delivery can be safely administered to target location to maximize efficacy and minimize toxicity. In order for these therapies to be effective, though, they must be effectively delivered into the target tumor lesion. In this review, we summarize the current landscape of intratumoral immunotherapies and highlight key concepts that influence intratumoral delivery, and by extension, efficacy. We also provide an overview of the breadth and depth of approved minimally invasive delivery devices that can be considered to improve delivery of intratumoral therapies.
Source of Support: None. Conflict of Interest: None.