ABSTRACT

Introduction

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a pandemic of international concern that has caused significant physical and psychological health challenges to healthcare workers worldwide. This study aimed to assess and evaluate the psychological responses of healthcare workers who provided hands-on care for patients with COVID-19 at King Fahad Medical City (KFMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, as it was converted to a dedicated COVID-19 hospital during the pandemic.

Methods

This study used a descriptive cross-sectional design to recruit 500 participants at KFMC between April 10 and May 5, 2020. This study used the 21-item Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) to assess the psychological responses among the study participants.

Results

The findings of this study showed that of 500 respondents, 304 (60.9%) reported having depressive symptoms, 281 (56.3%), 318 (63.3%) having stress and anxiety symptoms. Moreover, 250 participants (50%) who lived with their families reported severe stress and anxiety. However, the results of our study indicated that healthcare workers were committed to providing care to COVID-19 patients.

Conclusions

Depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms were highly prevalent among healthcare workers at KFMC. Therefore, there is an urgent need for psychological interventions to identify healthcare workers with heavy psychological burdens.

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Competing Interests

Source of support: None. Conflict of Interest: None.