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Innovations Journals


Editorial Office:

The following policies and processes apply to all Innovations Journals.

Publishing Ethics

Innovations Journals is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. Innovations Journals adhere to the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE, and the Committee for Publication Ethics (COPE, ) guidelines to ensure best practices and ethical standards in the conduct and reporting of research and published material.

Innovations Journals editors follow the recommendations of the ICMJE and COPE guidelines for handling complaints and appeals, which includes but is not limited to corrections, retractions, republications, and version control as well as reports of scientific misconduct and other expressions of concern. Any concerns should be directed to the Editor in Chief or editorial office. Ultimately, the Editor in Chief handle any concern that arises by following the appropriate guidance from COPE.

Authors should refer to the COPE guidelines and prepare manuscripts according to the ICMJE recommendations and the instructions herein to avoid raising any ethical concerns that would prohibit publication of a manuscript.

Scientific Misconduct

To identify and prevent scientific misconduct, authors are required to disclose sources of support and potential conflicts of interest and answer the following questions when submitting a manuscript:

· Do all authors meet the criteria for authorship per ICMJE guidelines? (Note that the authorship criteria are listed below and each author will be required to independently verify his/her role in the manuscript.)

· Are you willing to provide raw data, samples, or other supplemental material upon request?

· Was this research done according to local/regional/national regulations for ethical research, including adherence to legal requirements and patient consent guidelines?

· Was approval sought from an Institutional Review Board or Ethical Committee, and is this mentioned in the submitted manuscript?

· For clinical trials, was approval sought from the sponsor to publish this research?

For studies with financial support, has the role of the funder or sponsor been mentioned in the submitted manuscript?If scientific misconduct is discovered at any point in the process, either during peer review or after publication, the Publishing Manager will investigate the situation on behalf of the Editor in Chief according to the appropriate guideline from COPE. In most cases, the author will be asked to provide an explanation within a certain timeframe. If the author does not respond in a satisfactory way, the Publishing Manager may escalate the situation by contacting the author’s institution or employer. Possible consequences of scientific misconduct may include but are not limited to rejection or retraction of a manuscript.

Plagiarism and Prior Publication

To prevent duplicate publication and plagiarism, all manuscripts are screened for similarity using Ithenticate software (Turnitin, Inc.) as part of the check-in process. If there is substantial overlap (> 20%) with existing publications without appropriate references or an explanation from the authors, the paper will be immediately rejected or returned for correction prior to peer review.

When submitting a manuscript that contains information that has already been published in part or in full, the authors must say so cover letter and include copies of the prior publication(s) for the editor.

Protection of Privacy Rights

Identifying information should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, sonograms, CT scans, etc., and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian, wherever applicable) gives informed consent for publication. Authors should remove patients' names from figures unless they have obtained informed consent from the patients. Innovations Journals abide by ICMJE guidelines:

1. Authors, not the Journal nor the publisher, need to obtain the patient consent form before the publication and have the form properly archived. The consent forms are not to be uploaded with the cover letter or sent through email to editorial or publisher offices.

2. If the manuscript contains patient images that preclude anonymity, or a description that has obvious indication to the identity of the patient, a statement about obtaining informed patient consent should be indicated in the manuscript.

License and Copyright

Articles published in Innovations Journals are distributed under the terms of the latest Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND) License unless otherwise specified in writing or if an exception applies (noted below). Under this license, authors and others are permitted to share (copy and redistribute) their work for non-commercial purposes, as long as appropriate credit is given. If desired, authors may purchase a CC-BY license for a fee. Contact the editorial office for current pricing.

Innovations Journals permits authors to self-archive final accepted version of the articles on any OAI-compliant institutional/subject-based repository.

Permission must be requested for modifications and commercial reuse of material published in Innovations Journals. All requests for permission to reprint or modify material published in the Innovations Journals should be directed to the Publishing Manager: .

Copyright Exceptions:

  1. Authors who are college and university faculty or work for corporations should determine whether the author or institutions owns copyright for “work for hire”.
  2. If the Contribution was prepared as part of the Contributor’s official duties under a government contract or grant for the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, or Australia, then this work is within the public domain and no copyrights may be owned by the author or publisher. The respective government may reproduce, without charge, all portions of the article, and may authorize others to do so for official government purposes. Copyright assignment applies only to the extent allowable by law.

Permissions for Third-Party Material

It is the responsibility of authors/contributors to obtain permissions for reproducing any copyrighted material. Third-party material includes tables, figures, or images that have been (a) published previously or (b) provided by someone who is not an author. Authors must identify copyrighted material with an appropriate attribution to the original source and documentation of permission to reprint and/or modify the material. Sufficient documentation of permission must be provided before the article can be published. If permission is not received, the copyrighted material will be removed from the manuscript. Copies of any and all published articles or other manuscripts in preparation or submitted elsewhere that are related to the manuscript must also accompany the manuscript.


Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions to and in accordance with the ICMJE guidelines available at

The ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria:

1. Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND

2. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND

3. Final approval of the version to be published; AND

4. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors. Those who do not meet all four criteria should be acknowledged (see below, “Acknowledgements”).

Changes in Authorship

To avoid authorship disputes, we follow a strict process for handling authorship changes prior to acceptance or during proof corrections. Authorship changes are not possible after an article is published. To request a change in the author order or for removal or addition of authors, the following process must be followed:

1. An explanation for the change should be submitted to the editors

2. All authors (including those added or removed) must approve the change in writing


Contributors who meet fewer than all 4 of the above criteria for authorship should not be listed as authors, but they should be acknowledged. Examples of activities that alone (without other contributions) do not qualify a contributor for authorship are acquisition of funding; general supervision of a research group or general administrative support; and writing assistance, technical editing, language editing, and proofreading.


All authors must disclose any and all conflicts of interest they may have with publication of the manuscript or an institution or product that is mentioned in the manuscript and/or is important to the outcome of the study presented. Authors should also disclose conflict of interests with products that compete with those mentioned in their manuscript.

All source of study-related funding must be disclosed along with the grant number and role of the funder or sponsor in the study (i.e., study design, data analysis, manuscript writing, and any other aspect of the study).

Corresponding Author Role

The corresponding author is the one individual who takes primary responsibility for communication with the Journal during the manuscript submission, peer review, and publication process, and typically ensures that all the Journal’s administrative requirements, such as providing details of authorship, ethics committee approval, clinical trial registration documentation, and gathering conflict of interest forms and statements, are properly completed, although these duties may be delegated to one or more coauthors. The corresponding author should be available throughout the submission and peer review process to respond to editorial queries in a timely way, and should be available after publication to respond to critiques of the work and cooperate with any requests from the Journal for data or additional information should questions about the paper arise after publication.

Submission Process

A manuscript will be reviewed for possible publication with the understanding that it is being submitted to the Journal alone at that point in time and has not been published anywhere, simultaneously submitted, or already accepted for publication elsewhere. The authors are expected to authorize one author to correspond with the editorial office for all matters related to the manuscript. All manuscripts received are duly acknowledged upon receipt. All authors are asked to verify their authorship at the time of submission, and all authors are included on the final decision letter from the editorial office. All authors are required to sign the copyright transfer form upon acceptance of the manuscript.

On submission, editors review all submitted manuscripts initially for suitability for formal peer review. Manuscripts with insufficient originality, serious scientific or technical flaws, or lack of a significant scientific merits and well-articulated message are rejected without review. Manuscripts that are unlikely to be within the Journal’s scope will be rejected without peer review. Manuscripts that do not comply with the required format, as described herein, would be returned to the authors for technical correction before they undergo peer review.

Note – Innovations Journals only accept manuscripts written in English. A manuscript may be returned without peer review if the paper requires extensive editing for English language. In this case, the authors may seek a professional editing service to make corrections prior to resubmitting.

Before submitting your article, please visit the “Instructions for Authors” page for the chosen Journal. This information will help you understand the requirements for preparing and submitting a manuscript to that Journal. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to the Journal’s instructions may be returned without review.

To submit an article, all Innovations Journals use an online manuscript processing system for receiving and processing article submissions. All authors are required to register with their name, email, and institution information. You will find the link to the submission website from the “Instructions for Authors” page for the chosen journal.

Peer Review Process

Manuscripts that are considered for publication in Innovations Journals are sent to at least two expert reviewers, with the exception of editorials, commentary, and letters (these are reviewed internally by the Editor in Chief). During submission, the submitting author is requested to provide names of at least two qualified reviewers who have experience in the subject of the submitted manuscript and no conflict of interest. For example, the suggested reviewers should not be affiliated with the same institutes as the authors. The selection of these reviewers is at the sole discretion of the editor. Peer reviewers should decline to review a manuscript if there is a potential conflict of interest.

Innovations Journals follow a double-blind review process, wherein the reviewers and authors are unaware of each other’s identity. Every manuscript is also assigned to a member of the editorial team (Editor in Chief, Associate Editor, or Guest Editor) who, based on the comments from the reviewers, takes a final decision on the manuscript. The comments and suggestions (acceptance/ rejection/ amendments or revisions in manuscript) received from reviewers are conveyed to the corresponding author. If required, the author is requested to provide a point-by-point response to reviewers’ comments and submit a revised version of the manuscript. This process is repeated until the reviewers and editors are satisfied with the response and associated changes in the manuscript.

A Guest Editor is assigned in certain situations to avoid a potential conflict of interest. These situations include manuscripts authored by a member of the editorial team and manuscripts authored by individuals affiliated with the same institution as the Editor in Chief. A Guest Editor may also be assigned for manuscripts about special topics or issues outside the expertise of the editorial team.

Publishing Process

Manuscripts accepted for publication are copyedited for grammar, punctuation, print style, and format. Page proofs are sent to the corresponding author. The corresponding author is expected to return the corrected proofs within 48 hours. The entire process of submission of the manuscript to final decision and sending and receiving proofs is completed online.

Innovations Journals publish articles online ahead of print immediately following proof corrections and follows a continuous publication’ schedule. Articles are compiled for ‘print on demand’ issues on a biannual or quarterly basis.

Publication Fees

There are no fees to submit or publish a manuscript in Innovations Journals (all titles) under the CC-BY-NC-ND license. If desired, authors may pay a fee to publish their manuscript under a CC-BY license. Please contact the editorial office for pricing: .

Subscription Fees

There is no charge for a subscription to Innovations Journals (all titles). Anyone may subscribe for free online at .

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