IntroductionPancreatic trauma is potentially lethal despite recent improvements in surgical techniques and conservative management. However, no guidelines for the management of pancreatic trauma have been established. In this report, we propose an algorithm for the management of pancreatic trauma based on our experience of nine cases and a literature review.Case presentationThis study included nine patients with pancreatic trauma (five men and four women). The patients’ median age was 40 years (range, 17–75 years). The overall mortality rate was 22.2%, and the postoperative mortality rate was 16.7%. Superficial trauma was present in two patients. Deep trauma without injury to the main pancreatic duct was present in one patient, and this patient was treated successfully with endoscopic nasopancreatic drainage. Active bleeding was present in two patients and controlled by interventional radiology. Deep trauma with injury to the main pancreatic duct was present in six patients. Among them, one patient died after conservative treatment with endoscopic nasopancreatic drainage. The other five patients underwent surgery (pancreatic resection in four and necrosectomy in one).ConclusionThe herein-described algorithm recommends interventional radiology for active arterial bleeding, conservative management for trauma without ductal injury, and surgery for trauma with ductal injury. This algorithm may provide a basis for future establishment of guidelines.
Pancreatic trauma: proposal for management algorithm
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Daisuke Hashimoto, Tomohisa Yamamoto, So Yamaki, Kazuhito Sakuramoto, Rintaro Yui, Takaomi Okawa, Fujio Matsumura, Hiroyuki Horiuchi, Sohei Satoi; Pancreatic trauma: proposal for management algorithm. Int Surg 2020; doi: https://doi.org/10.9738/INTSURG-D-20-00015.1
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