BACKGROUND AIM To explore the correlation between the expression of miRNA-135a and Bach1 in colorectal cancer tissue and the patient's clinical information.  Methods   60 patients with colorectal carcinoma were treated as a control group. Real-time quantitative PCR assays and immunohistochemistry method were performed to detect the expression of miRNA-135a and Bach1 in 60 colorectal carcinomas and adjacent normal tissues, and the clinical and pathological classifications had also been investigated. The SPSS 19.00 software was used. All data represented mean±SD of three independent experiments. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results  miRNA-135a expression levels increased significantly in the colon cancer tissues compared with the non-tumor control tissues(P<0.01). miRNA-135a expression levels were higher in stage III/IV than in stage I/II colon cancer patients. The expression level of Bach1 in colorectal cancer was significantly lower(P<0.01). Bach1 and miRNA-135a were negatively correlated.  Conclusions:  The levels of miRNA-135a and Bach1 were opposite, the over-expression of miRNA-135a might downregulated the expression of Bach1, which might be involved in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer.

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