Oil handling facilities operate with the potential for an extensive oil spill every day, but fortunately only a few are ever faced with a major discharge. When major spills have occurred, it has developed that on some occasions the party responsible was not fully prepared to organize forces for an effective cleanup. To date, little has been published on a realistic organizational guide to properly prepare personnel in charge. Lacking such guidance, spill cleanup may be costly, inefficient, and/or ineffective and can result in oil being relegated to the environment in lieu of being recovered. A concept for the organization of cleanup forces is presented, based on the authors’ experiences, which will result, if implemented, in a cost-effective and efficient cleanup effort. Problem areas properly addressed will result in an effective operation. Included is a typical line diagram organizational chart, but stressed are basic concepts with specific implementation dependent upon the actual situation.