Understanding initial oil spill responder's exposures is essential for planning purposes and a safe operation; however, there is little relevant information in the literature. Potential oil components of concern include hydrogen sulfide and benzene.
This paper uses three dispersion models to evaluate and discuss these potential responder health exposures. Key parameters addressed include the effects of the thickness of the spill and the component concentration in the crude oil. Determination of the amount of time needed for site concentrations to fall below the relevant health guidelines is an important outcome. Model results are compared with available exposure data in the literature. Implications for response planning are discussed.