Combined hydrocephalus, syringohydromyelia, and a ventricular cyst were found by magnetic resonance imaging in a 7-month-old, male miniature dachshund with gait abnormalities and altered mentation. Clinical signs did not improve with prednisone therapy. Ventriculoperitoneal shunting improved the clinical signs and anatomical abnormalities. Repeated operations were needed to replace the ventricular drainage tube at 3 and 31 months after the first surgery. The animal died suddenly with severe tonic-clonic, generalized seizures 3 weeks after the third operation. Ventriculoperitoneal shunting may be a viable treatment for syringohydromyelia associated with hydrocephalus.

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