A total of 696 tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) procedures were performed over a 30-month period following TPLO training. The overall complication rate was 18.8%.

Complications were classified as perioperative (1%), short-term (9.3%), and long-term (8.5%). Examples of complications encountered during the study were hemorrhage, swelling at the incision site, premature staple removal by the dog, tibial tuberosity fracture, patella tendon swelling, and implant complications. Based on the rate of complications observed, clinical outcomes of TPLO procedures within 30 months of TPLO training were considered good.

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