Inflammatory polyps in the urinary bladder of two dogs were removed via laparoscopic-assisted cystoscopy. In addition, one dog had a calculus removed and liver biopsies taken using the same two trocar sites. The laparoscopic-assisted cystoscopic technique provided clear surgical margins and permitted a thorough examination of the inside of the bladder and urethra. The technique was minimally invasive, produced little abdominal injury, and limited urine contamination of the abdomen.

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