Pancreatitis in dogs may lead to extrahepatic bile duct obstruction as a result of local inflammation. Medical records of 45 client-owned dogs with clinical suspicion of extrahepatic bile duct obstruction secondary to pancreatitis were reviewed to determine clinical findings, outcome, and factors associated with survival. Survival times were determined using the Kaplan-Meier product limit method. Cox multivariable survival methods were employed to determine factors associated with survival time following diagnosis. The median survival time was 241 days (95% confidence interval [CI] 25–631), with 34 of 45 dogs (76%) surviving to discharge. Dogs 9 yr of age or older with azotemia at presentation had a 9.9 greater hazard for death (95% CI 2.5–38.1; P = .001) compared with dogs younger than 9 yr old without azotemia at presentation. Dogs without subjective ultrasonographic gallbladder distension had a 4.4 greater hazard for death (95% CI 1.3–15.4; P = .018) compared with dogs with subjective gallbladder distension. Dogs with a body temperature ≥102.5°F at admission had a 3.1 greater hazard for death (95% CI 1.3–7.7; P = .013) than dogs with a body temperature <102.5°F at admission. This information may help clinicians discuss prognosis with owners of affected dogs.