Luteinizing hormone receptors (LHRs) are expressed in canine lymphoma and hemangiosarcoma. We hypothesized that LHR would be expressed in canine mast cell tumors (MCTs) and that more neoplastic mast cells would express LHR in gonadectomized dogs compared with intact dogs. Eleven archived formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded cutaneous MCT tissue sections were processed using routine immunohistochemistry. For both the KIT protein and LHR, the percentage of positive cells for each staining pattern (I–III) was calculated. A Student’s t test was used to compare the total percentage of positive cells expressing LHR and KIT in intact and gonadectomized dogs. A one-way analysis of variance was used to compare the percentage of cells within each staining pattern for LHR and KIT in intact and gonadectomized dogs. All MCT expressed LHR. MCT from gonadectomized dogs had a significantly higher percentage of LHR-positive mast cells (84.2 ± 8.7%) compared with MCTs from intact dogs (64.3 ± 4.2%). This is the first study to demonstrate the expression of LHR in canine MCTs and to report that LHR expression is increased in neoplastic mast cells from gonadectomized dogs compared with intact dogs. Future studies are planned to evaluate the functionality of the LHR in canine neoplastic mast cells.