ABSTRACT The invasive Aedes aegypti is an important disease vector increasing in frequency in hot-arid regions of the USA such as the Southwest. Within hot-arid surroundings this mosquito may be confined to peridomestic locations that tend to be cooler and humid, such as in lush, irrigated ornamental vegetation surrounding homes. However, to reach these habitat refugia, ultra-low volume (ULV) applications of insecticides targeting this mosquito must retain efficacy after being sprayed from the air or street where hot-arid conditions are prevalent. We investigated the efficacy of a biologically based larvicide, spinosad (Natular 2EC), applied as a ULV in a hot-arid environment targeting Aedes aegypti . We found that this pesticide is able to penetrate this environment and has the potential to act as a residual.