Background: There is a need for postoperative pain control that minimizes/eliminates opioid use during the first 72 hours following surgery, when pain is most severe. HTX-011 is an extended-release, dual-acting local anesthetic that demonstrated superior 72-hour analgesia over standard of care bupivacaine hydrochloride (HCl) and saline placebo in a phase 3 bunionectomy study (EPOCH-1). Having shown HTX-011 monotherapy is superior to bupivacaine HCl in reducing postoperative pain intensity and opioid use, this follow-on study evaluated the safety and efficacy of HTX-011 as the foundation of a multimodal analgesia (MMA) regimen using over-the-counter medications recommended by practice guidelines for pain management. Methods: Following regional anesthesia administered as a lidocaine block, patients underwent unilateral bunionectomy with osteotomy and internal fixation. Prior to closure, HTX-011 (up to 60 mg bupivacaine/1.8 mg meloxicam) was applied without a needle. Patients received scheduled postoperative MMA alternating ibuprofen (600 mg) and acetaminophen (1 g) every 3 hours for 72 hours. Efficacy was assessed based on pain intensity (numeric rating scale [NRS; 0-10]) and consumption of opioid rescue medication (intravenous morphine milligram equivalents [MME]). Adverse event and vital sign monitoring, plus laboratory and wound healing assessments, were used to determine safety. Results: Over the 72-hour assessment period following bunionectomy, mean pain scores were mild in severity (NRS <4) and 22/31 patients (71%) experienced no severe pain (NRS {greater than or equal to}7) with HTX-011 as the foundation of scheduled, non-opioid MMA. Patients consumed an average of 1.61 MME total, with 24/31 (77%) requiring no opioid rescue medication (opioid-free). HTX-011 was well-tolerated and demonstrated no safety concerns with the inclusion of postoperative MMA. Conclusions: HTX-011 as the foundation of an MMA regimen including scheduled ibuprofen and acetaminophen maintained mean postoperative pain scores in the mild range and enabled opioid-free recovery for 77% of bunionectomy patients through the 28-day recovery period.

This content is only available as a PDF.