The objective of this systematic review was to investigate if a positive vestibular or oculomotor screening is predictive of recovery in patients following concussion.
Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines to search through PubMed, Ovid Medline, SPORTDiscuss, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and hand searches of included articles.
Two authors evaluated all articles for inclusion and assessed their quality using the Mixed Methods Assessment Tool.
After quality assessment was completed the authors extracted recovery time, vestibular or ocular assessment results, study population demographics, number of participants, inclusion and exclusion criteria, symptom scores, and any other outcomes of assessments reported in the included studies.
Data were critically analyzed by two of the authors and categorized into tables with respect to each article's ability to answer the research question. Many patients who have vision, vestibular, or oculomotor dysfunction appear to have longer recovery times than patients who do not.
Studies routinely report that vestibular and oculomotor screenings are prognostic of time to recovery. Specifically, a positive Vestibular Ocular Motor Screening test appears to predict longer recovery consistently.