This study examines tax and nontax determinants of the choice between Roth and deductible Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs). I find evidence that higher current tax rates relative to average tax rates are positively, but modestly, related to the probability that a taxpayer will contribute to a deductible IRA rather than a Roth IRA. I also find that taxpayers with greater liquidity are more likely to choose a Roth IRA, which is the option with a higher effective contribution limit. The results relate to the question of whether taxpayers behave in a tax‐efficient manner and the behavioral response to statutory tax rate changes.

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