Background: Catheter-related blood-stream infection (CRBSI) is a serious and costly complication associated with central venous catheters. Nursing interventions that focus on decreasing bacterial colonization at the insertion site could decrease infection rates. Method: This retrospective study examined CRBSI in patients requiring peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) for total parenteral nutrition. One hundred and ninety-two patients with 235 catheters and an average dwell time of 11.5 days participated. Nursing interventions included a chlorhexidine-impregnated sponge dressing and a double skin scrub prior to insertion. Conclusion: The results of the study show that the interventions did not reduce CRBSI in the target population but the double skin scrub did decrease CRBSI in the general PICC population.

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