Abstract

Introduction: Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters (PICCs) are a proven and cost effective alternative to traditional short term central venous catheters inserted via subclavian or jugular vein routes. It has been theorized that persons with cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) are more prone to upper extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT) post PICC insertion. Purpose: This study was conducted to determine if there is a statistically significant increase in the incidence of PICC-related upper extremity thrombosis in persons with quadriplegia as compared to other patient populations. Methods: A retrospective chart review of 56 PICC insertions, performed on 44 patients, was conducted to identify risk factors associated with symptomatic upper extremity DVTs. Results: The overall incidence of symptomatic DVTs was 7.1% per PICC line insertion (95% CI 2.8% - 17.0%) and 9.1% per patient (95% CI 3.6% - 21.2%) and the number of DVTs per 1,000 catheter days was 3.14. DVT diagnosis was not significantly associated with any of the patient or PICC-related characteristics examined. The incidence of symptomatic DVTs per PICC line insertion was not significantly different than the lowest incidence of thrombosis reported in the scientific literature among all patients receiving PICCs. Conclusions: Results from this study do not suggest that persons with cervical spinal cord injuries are at increased risk for developing upper-extremity DVTs related to PICC insertion. Due to the retrospective nature of the present study and small sample size, prospective studies are recommended to further examine DVTs in patients' with spinal cord injuries. Estimates from the present study can be used in planning prospective studies.

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