It is estimated that over 350 million peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVCs) are inserted in the United States annually, making PIVC insertion the most commonly performed invasive procedure for patients.1–3  Peripheral intravenous catheters are often inserted for infusion of fluids, medications, administration of blood products, and the withdrawal of blood.

Vascular access device selection is a collaborative effort with the health care team taking into consideration the patient's history, condition, and infusion needs.

Venous vasculature is assessed through inspection, palpation, and visualization technology. The typical approach to prepare the vessel for PIVC insertion is the use of a tourniquet to enlarge the vessel, visual inspection, dangling the extremity, irritating the vessel (i.e., tapping), and heat. Vein visualization technology is designed to assess for vessel health and to detect the vessel pathway, identifying key anatomical...

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