Ultrasound guidance for vascular access procedures has been used in clinical practice among a variety of health-care practitioners for more than 30 years. The ability to visualize underlying structures of the upper and lower extremities, chest, and neck results in improved success, speed, patient safety, and patient satisfaction. Ultrasound not only aids in superior procedural advantages, it also provides a platform to perform a thorough assessment of the vascular structures to evaluate vessel health, viability, size, and patency and locates other important and best-avoided anatomical structures as well as venous and arterial abnormalities.

Recommendations for the use of ultrasound is now supported by many professional organizations (see  Appendix for list of supporting organizations) for vascular access procedures and is now widely accepted to promote safe and accurate insertion of vascular devices. To ensure procedural safety and high success rates,...

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