Use of the Femoral Vein as Insertion Site for Tunneled Hemodialysis Catheters
The femoral vein provides an alternative access site for insertion of tunneled hemodialysis catheters when conventional sites are not available. Tunneled femoral hemodialysis catheters have low primary patency rates and significant complications. Catheter retraction is a unique and common problem. However, the use of the femoral vein remains acceptable in those patients who have limited options for long-term hemodialysis.