Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major source of morbidity and mortality across the globe (1). The Global Burden of Disease study, which includes epidemiological estimates of disease from 204 countries between 1990 and 2019, established that CVD is the leading cause of death worldwide (2). CVD is also a major source of reduced quality of life due to related illnesses. In 2019, there were 523 million cases of CVD, 18.6 million deaths, 34.4 million living with a CVD-related disability, and nearly 400 million years of life lost or disability-adjusted life years due to CVD (2). Considering the large impact CVD has on disability-adjusted life years, improving healthspan, defined as the period someone spends healthy and free from chronic disease (3,4), is becoming critically important as modern medical capability improves lifespan expectancy. J Clin Exerc Physiol. 2022;11(2):54–61.

Regular exercise...

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